Wednesday, 1 July 2020

How Many Species Of Life Are Found In One Tablespoon of Amazon Soil?


Scientists have found that the answer can be up to 1800 microscopic species of life, of which 400 are fungi.

This secret life, often invisible and hidden underground, has 'amazing features' that scientists say we are just beginning to know.

There are an estimated 3.8 million species of mildew in the world that need to be regulated.

According to a team of researchers led by Professor Alexander Antonelli, director of science at the Royal Botanic Gardens, it is important to understand the role of mold in saving Amazon's rapidly declining rainforest.

According to Professor Alexander, 'Take a spoonful of clay and you will see hundreds or thousands of species. Molds are the next frontier in the science of biodiversity.

Mildew is often overlooked when it comes to biodiversity because it is invisible and hidden underground.

So far, less than 100 species of mildew have been shortlisted for the IUCN Red List, which includes 68,000 animals and 25,000 plants.

Mildew, especially in tropical soils, is rarely considered. Researchers collected soil and leaf litter from four regions to study the soil of the Amazon rainforest in Brazil.

Genetic analysis revealed hundreds of species of fungi, including lichens, plant-based fungi, and disease-spreading fungi, most of which were either unknown or extremely rare. Most of them have yet to be named or researched.

Naturally open grasslands called Campinas have been found to have the most flourishing mildew overall, where they potentially help the soil absorb minerals.

Dr. Camilla Ritter of the University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany, says it is important to understand soil diversity in order to save the world's most diverse forests in a changing world.

"For that, we need to put underground life on the agenda in our next forest conservation plans," he said.

Mildew is essential for recycling minerals and regulating carbon dioxide levels, as well as being a source of food and medicine.

But some species can be dangerous and can destroy trees, fields, and other plants on the ground, while some animals, such as cold-blooded animals, can be wiped out.

The study, by teams from Britain, Brazil, Germany, Sweden, and Estonia, was published in the journal Ecology and Evolution.

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